Danielle Macdonald PhD

Assistant Professor of Anthropology Henry Kendall College of Arts & Sciences


Danielle Macdonald is an archaeologist who specialized in Near Eastern Prehistory and lithic analysis. Her current research project explores hunter-gatherer aggregation through material culture to understand how individuals organized tasks at the Terminal Pleistocene site of Kharaneh IV, Jordan. Macdonald is currently the co-director of the Kharaneh IV excavation project in the Azraq Basin, Jordan (Kharaneh IV website). Further information on her current research in Jordan can be found at The Laboratory of Lithic Artifacts from the Near East website.

Macdonald's other interests include method development for lithic microwear analysis and the applications of 3D microscopy for archaeological research. She is an International Co-Investigator of the AHRC funded Fragmented Heritage Project and is conducting research on novel microwear methods with this international project. Her research is developing new methods for the quantification of microwear traces through the use of microscopes developed for the field of surface metrology. Further information can be found on the Lithic Microwear and Technology Laboratory website.

Ph.D., University of Toronto
M.A., University of Victoria
B.A., University of Toronto

Lithic analysis
Microwear analysis
Material culture theory
Origins of Agriculture

Archaeological method and theory
Lithic analysis
Near Eastern Prehistory

The following may be selected publications rather than a comprehensive list.

Book Chapters

2014. Macdonald, Danielle A. and Adrian A. Evans. The Effects of Cleaning on Surface Roughness: Evaluating Sample Preparation Using Use-Wear Quantification. In J. Marreiros, N. Bicho, & J.G. Bao (Eds.), International Conference on Use-Wear Analysis: Use-Wear 2012. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 116-123.

2017. Jones, Matthew, Lisa Maher, Tobias Richter, Danielle A. Macdonald, and Louise Martin. Human-Environment Interactions through the Epipalaeolithic of Eastern Jordan. Chapter in The Archaeology of Human-Environment Interactions: Strategies for Investigating Anthropogenic Landscapes, Dynamic Environments, and Climate Change in the Human Past. Edited by Daniel Contreras. Routledge Studies in Archaeology Series. Pages 121-140

2013. Maher, Lisa A., and Danielle A. Macdonald. Assessing Typo-Technological Variability in Epipalaeolithic Assemblages: Preliminary Results from Two Case Studies from the Southern Levant. In F. Borrell, J. J. Ibanez & M. Molist (Eds.), Stone Tools in Transition: From Hunter-Gatherers to Farming Societies in the Near East. 7th Conference on PPN Chipped and Ground Stone Inductries of the Fertile Crescent. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei de Publicacions, Barcelona, 29-44.

Book Review

2015. Macdonald, Danielle A. Book Review: Beyond the Fertile Crescent: Late Paleolithic and Neolithic Communities of the Jordanian Steppe. The Azraq Basin Project, Vol. 1. By Andrew Garrard and Brian Byrd (2013). Levant Supplementary Series 13, Oxbow Books, Oxford UK. Geoarchaeology 30 (5), 452-453.

Journal Articles

2016. Maher, Lisa, Danielle A. Macdonald, Adam Allentuck, Louise Martin, Anna Spyrou, and Matthew Jones. Occupying Wide Open Spaces? Late Pleistocene Hunter-Gatherer Activities in the Eastern Levant. Quaternary International. 396, 79-94

2016. Jones, Matthew, Lisa Maher, Danielle A. Macdonald, Conor Ryan, Claire Rambeau, Stuart Black, Tobias Richter. The Environmental Setting of Epipalaeolithic Aggregation Site Kharaneh IV. Quaternary International. 396, 95-104

2016. Macdonald, Danielle A., Michael Chazan, and Joel Janetski. The Geometric Kebaran Occupation and Lithic Assemblage of Wadi Mataha, Southern Jordan. Quaternary International. 396, 105-120.

2016. Ramsey, Monica N., Lisa A. Maher, Danielle A. Macdonald, and Arlene Rosen. Risk, Reliability and Resilience: Phytolith Evidence for Alternative ‘Neolithization’ Pathways at Kharaneh IV in the Azraq Basin, Jordan. PLoS ONE 11 (10):e0164081. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164081.

2014. Evans, Adrian A., Harry Lerner, Danielle A. Macdonald, W. James Stemp, Patricia C. Anderson. Standardization, Calibration and Exploration: An Introduction to a Special Issue on Lithic Microwear Method. Journal of Archaeological Science 48, 1-4.

2014. Macdonald, Danielle A. and Adrian A. Evans. Evaluating Surface Cleaning Techniques of Stone Tools Using Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy. Microscopy Today 22 (3), 22-26.

2014. Macdonald, Danielle A. The Application of Focus Variation Microscopy for Lithic Use-Wear Quantification. Journal of Archaeological Science 48, 26-33.

2014. Maher, Lisa A., Danielle A. Macdonald, Aleksa Alaica, J.T. Stock, E.B. Banning. Two Early Epipalaeolithic Sites in Wadi Taiyiba, Northern Jordan. Paléorient 40 (1), 73-97

2012. Maher, Lisa A., Tobias Richter, Danielle A. Macdonald, Matthew Jones, Louise Martin, and Jay T. Stock. Twenty Thousand-Year-Old Huts at a Hunter-Gatherer Settlement in Eastern Jordan. PLoS ONE 7 (2), e31447. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031447

2011. Evans, Adrian A. and Danielle A. Macdonald. Using Metrology in Early Prehistoric Stone Tool Research: Further Work and a Brief Instrument Comparison. Scanning 33 (5), 294-303.

2014. Evans, Adrian A., Danielle A. Macdonald, Claudiu L. Giusca, and Richard K. Leach. New Method Development in Prehistoric Stone Tool Research: Evaluating Use Duration and Data Analysis Protocols. Micron 65, 69-75

Association of Archaeological Wear and Residue Analysts
Council for British Research in the Levant
Society for American Archaeology

ANTH 1063 Culture, People and Nature: General Anthropology
ANTH 7213 Analysis of Lithic Artifacts