Harrington Wells PhD

Coordinator of Graduate Studies for Biology
Professor of Biological Science College of Engineering & Natural Sciences
Biological Science

Ph.D., University of California-Santa Barbara
B.A., Occidental College

Behavioral Ecology
Population Ecology
Population Genetics

Environmental Biology
Population Ecology
Population Genetics
General Genetics
Experimental Design

The following may be selected publications rather than a comprehensive list.

Journal Articles

Tugrul, Giray et al. “Effect of Octopamine Manipulation on Honeybee Decision Making: Reward and Cost Differences Associated with Foraging.” Animal Behaviour 100 (2015): 144–150. Print.

Abdalrahman , Lubna et al. “Isolation, Virulence, and Antimicrobial Resistance of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) and Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus Aureus (MSSA) Strains from Oklahoma Retail Poultry Meats.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12 (2015): 6148–6161. Print.

Abdalrahman, Lubna, Harrington Wells, and Mohamed Fakhr. “Staphylococcus Aureus Is More Prevalent in Retail Beef Livers than in Pork and Other Beef Cuts.” Pathogens 4 (2015): 182–198. Print.

Abramson, Charles et al. “The Effect of Ethanol on Reversal Learning in Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera Anatolica): Response Inhibition in a Social Insect Model.” Alcohol 49 (2015): 245–258. Print.

Craig, David et al. “An Assessment of Fixed Interval Timing in Free-Flying Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera Ligustica): An Analysis of Individual Performance .” PLoS ONE 9.7 (2014): e101262. Print.

Amaya-Márquez, Marisol, Peggy S. M. Hill, Charles I. Abramson and Harrington Wells. 2014. Honey bee location- and time-linked memory use in novel foraging situations: floral color dependency. Insects 5:243-269.

Amaya-Márquez, Marisol et al. “Honey Bee Location- and Time-Linked Memory Use in Novel Foraging Situations: Floral Color Dependency. .” Insects 5 (2014): 243–269. Print.

Dinges, Christopher et al. “Aversive Conditioning in Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera Anatolica): A Comparison of Drones and Workers.” Journal of Experimental Biology 216 (2013): 4124–4134. Print.

Abramson, Charles et al. “Feature-Positive and Feature-Negative Learning in Honey Bees.” Journal of Experimental Biology 216 (2013): 224–229. Print.

Sanderson, Charlotte E., Peyton Cook, Peggy S. M. Hill, Benjamin S. Orozco, Harrington Wells and Charles I. Abramson. 2013. Nectar quality perception by honey bees (Apis mellifera ligustica). Journal of Comparative Psychology 127: 341-251. DOI:10.1037/a0032613

Amaya-Márquez, Marisol, Peggy S. M. Hill, John F. Barthell, L. Lisa Pham, Dale R. Doty and Harrington Wells. 2008. Learning and memory during foraging of the blue orchard bee, Osmia lignaria Say (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 81:315-327

Sanderson, Charlotte E., Benjamin S. Orozco, Peggy S. M. Hill and Harrington Wells. 2006. Honey bee (Apis mellifera ligustica) response to differences in handling time, reward and colours. Ethology, 112:937-946.

Hill, Peggy S. M., Harrington Wells and John R. Shadley. 2006. Singing from a constructed burrow: Why vary the shape of the burrow mouth? Journal of Orthoptera Research, 15:23-29.

Duncan, K., Jennings, E., Buck, P., Wells, H., Kolhatkar, R., Sublette, K.L., Potter, W.T., and Todd, T., “Multi-Species Ecotoxicity Assessment of Petroleum-Contaminated Soil”, Soil and Sediment Contamination, 12 (2), 181-206 (2003)

Hill, Peggy S. M., Jeremy Hollis and Harrington Wells. 2001. Foraging decisions in nectarivores: unexpected interactions between flower constancy and energetic rewards. Animal Behaviour, 62:729-737.

Wells, Harrington, Ibrahim Çakmak, Philip Coburn, Michael Athens and Peggy S. M. Hill. 2000. Honeybee (Apis mellifera ligustica) use of color and pattern in making foraging choices. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 73:195-207.

Çakmak, Ibrahim, Ram R. S. Rathore, Takashi Ohtani, Peggy S. Hill and Harrington Wells. 2000. The flower fidelity of honeybee foragers. Recent Research in Developmental Entomology, 3:15-28.

Cakmak, I., Cook, P., Hollis, J., Shah, N., Huntley, D., Van Valkenburg, D., and H. Wells (1999), “Africanized Honey Bee Response to Differences in Reward Frequency”, Journal of Apicultural Research, 38(3-4), pp. 125-136

Wells, H., Cakmak, I, Cook, P., and D. Van Valkenburg (1998), “Alternative Africanization Models for the Yucatan: Continued Discussion”, Bee World, pp. 106-111

Lawlor, K. et al. “Long-Term Effects of Crude Oil Contamination and Bioremediation in a Soil Ecosystem.” Bioremediation Journal 1.1 (1997): 41–51. Print.

Hill, Peggy S. M., Patrick H. Wells and Harrington Wells. 1997. Spontaneous flower constancy and learning in honey bees as a function of colour. Animal Behaviour, 54:615-627

Golm, Gregory T., Peggy Sue Hill and Harrington Wells. 1993. Life expectancy in a Tulsa cemetery: growth and population structure of the lichen Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia. American Midland Naturalist, 129:373-383.

Wells, Harrington, Peggy Sue Hill and Patrick H. Wells. 1991. Nectarivore foraging ecology: rewards differing in sugar types. Ecological Entomology, 17:280-288.

Wells, H. Wells, P. H., and P. Cook (1989), “The Importance of Overwinter Aggregation for Reproductive Success of Monarch Butterflies (anaus plexippus)”, The Journal of Theoretical Biology, pp. 115-131

Book Chapter

Hill, Peggy S. M. and Harrington Wells. 2002. Individual constancy to color by foraging honey bees. pp. 51-54. Chapter 12. In: Teaching Animal Behavior in Laboratory and Field. B.J. Ploger and K. Yasukawa, eds. New York, Academic Press.


Hill, P. S. M., Hoffart, C. and Buchheim, M. 2002. Tracing relationships in the Gryllotalpidae. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 42:1244.

BIOL 1001 Introduction to Biological Science
BIOL 1001 Introduction to Biological Science
BIOL 1031 The Environment and Humanity Laboratory
BIOL 1033 The Environment and Humanity
BIOL 2124 Genetics
BIOL 4093 Population Ecology
BIOL 7013 Research Experience
BIOL 7253 Seminar in Organismic/Environmental Biology